Wednesday, 21 March 2018

Non-Duality Chart according to Mandukya Upanishad

Below I am giving a chart which represents the views expressed in Mandukya Upanishad, one of the oldest and authoritative book on non-duality, according to the states of individual and Universal Consciousness.

No.
States of Consciousness
Name on Individual Level
Name on Universal Level
Object of Experience
1
Waking
Vaishvanarah
Virat
Sthul Bhug (Gross objects)
2
Dreaming
Taijasah
Hiranyagarbha
Praviviktbhuk (Subtle Objects)
3
Deep Sleep
Pradnyha
Ishvara
Anandbhuk (Bliss)
4
Turiya
Atman
Brahman
Not any state but the watcher (Sakshi) of other three states. The real “I”

Dream world and Waking world have seven limbs and nineteen Mouths.
Seven Limbs of Consciousness: -
No.
Limb(Sanskrut)
English
Corresponding Part
In English
1
Murdha
Top of the Head
Agni
Fire
2
Chakshu
Eyes
Chandra & Surya
Moon & Sun
3
Shrotre
Ears
Disha
Directions
4
Vak
Speech
Veda
Knowledge
5
Prana
Vital Power
Vayu
Kinetic Energy
6
Hrudaya
Heart(Center of Consciousness)
Vishwam
Universe
7
Padabhyam
Feet
Prithvi
Earth

Nineteen mouths: - Here mouth is considered as a limb from where we take outer objective world inside; in this sense there are nineteen mouths. They are as follows: -  
No.
Sanskrut
English
Category
Categories in English
1
Srotra
Ears
Dnyanendriya
Cognitive Senses
2
Tvak
Skin
Dnyanendriya
Cognitive Senses
3
Chakhsus
Eyes
Dnyanendriya
Cognitive Senses
4
Jivha
Tongue
Dnyanendriya
Cognitive Senses
5
Ghrana
Nose
Dnyanendriya
Cognitive Senses
6
Vak
Speech
Karmendriya
Working Senses
7
Pani
Hands
Karmendriya
Working Senses
8
Pada
Feet
Karmendriya
Working Senses
9
Upastha
Genitals
Karmendriya
Working Senses
10
Payu
Anus
Karmendriya
Working Senses
11
Prana
Vital Power
One of Five Prana
Vital Power
12
Apana
Vital Power
One of Five Prana
Vital Power
13
Vyan
Vital Power
One of Five Prana
Vital Power
14
Udana
Vital Power
One of Five Prana
Vital Power
15
Samana
Vital Power
One of Five Prana
Vital Power
16
Manah
Mind
Antahkaran Chatushtaya
Four Inner working powers
17
Buddhi
Intellect
Antahkaran Chatushtaya
Four Inner working powers
18
Chitta
Mind
Antahkaran Chatushtaya
Four Inner working powers
19
Ahankara
Ego
Antahkaran Chatushtaya
Four Inner working powers